The Nine Freedoms

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Not available in stores. The Nine Freedoms is not just another book—it is a Mission of Truth given to mortal man so that he may climb the nine steps to—Living Immortality.. It is the first Metaphysical text book which clearly outlines the exact path through Evolution which man must take in order to become God-man. This book will give all who read it the major steps towards attainment of the wonderful state of Cosmic Consciousness, then later explain how to pass through the most elevated state possible to man upon Earth, that of—Ascension.

Yet, The Nine Freedoms does not stop here! For within these pages, the sacred wisdom, kept from man since his inception upon Earth, is now given, revealing the way in which he will eventually attain the glorious state of—Interplanetary Existence. The book consists of a mystical text of profound philosophical and occult significance and a searching commentary on the most important parts of this text.

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The soul of this book is the Text, which was delivered as 9 consecutive Transmissions by a prominent Master of unquestionable Cosmic Status. The body of this book is made up of the commentary written as a series of carefully thought out essays which reveal the profound Truths contained within the words of the unique Text.

It is likely that some of the nine freedoms currently enjoyed by the UK would have to be sacrificed to reach an agreement.

The Gibraltar issue could also be bypassed if no agreement was made with Spain. However, it is unclear whether this is consistent with EU law.

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Under these rules, UK airlines would only enjoy the first five freedoms at most. This would have no bearing on licensing and registration of pilots and aircraft parts, which would still lose their validity post-Brexit. Therefore, a substantial increase in CAA staff numbers and resources would be needed to meet the demands of its new role. This creates a risk that UK airlines will be cut off from flying to some countries altogether.

The Nine Freedoms by George King - AbeBooks

Arguing consensus in the sector is almost universal on the issue, he dismissed the possibility of recreating a national regulator in the short term and advocated for retaining EASA membership. Industry representatives from both the EU and the UK, such as General Aviation Manufacturers Association and the UK aerospace group ADS, have warned against this approach, calling for the regulators to begin technical and contingency planning separate from the political negotiations, to prevent the severe disruptions in transport links and supply chains which would occur if a deal is not in place by March This would allow co-operation to continue as is and would avoid disruptions, with the only difference being that the UK would have no formal say or right to vote on the development of future regulations, initiatives and partnerships with third countries.

After Brexit, UK shareholders will not contribute to this requirement. If easyJet and International Airlines Group and consequently British Airways do not change their current ownership structure, they risk losing their rights to operate intra-EU flights if no comprehensive deal is reached. Losing access to the European market would be particularly harmful to easyJet and Ryanair whose business models rely heavily on intra-EU flights.

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. Since the end of the Cold War, first freedom rights are almost completely universal.

IASTA allows each member country to charge foreign airlines "reasonable" fees for using its airports which is applicable, presumably, only to the second freedom and "facilities"; [8] according to IATA, such fees should not be higher than those charged to domestic airlines engaged in similar international services. For example, the Federal Aviation Administration of the U.

The second freedom allows technical stops without the embarking or disembarking of passengers or cargo. The most famous example of the second freedom is Shannon Airport Ireland , which was used as a stopping point for most transatlantic flights until the s, since Shannon Airport was considered the closest European airport to the United States. Anchorage was similarly used for flights between Western Europe and East Asia, bypassing Soviet airspace, prohibited until the end of the Cold War.

Anchorage was still used by some Chinese and Taiwanese airlines for flights to the U. In contrast to transit rights, 'traffic rights' allow commercial international services between, through and in some cases within the countries that are parties to air services agreements or other treaties. The third and fourth freedoms allow basic international service between two countries. Beyond rights allow the carriage of traffic between and sometimes within countries that are foreign to the airlines that operate them.

Beyond rights also encompass international flights with a foreign intermediate stop where passengers may only embark and disembark at the intermediate point on the leg of the flight that serves the origin of an airline operating it. Note [2] : Some international flights stop at multiple points in a foreign country and passengers may sometimes make stopovers in a similar manner, but because the traffic being carried does not originate in the country where the flight takes place it is not cabotage but another form of beyond rights.

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The Nine Freedoms of the Air

The fifth freedom allows an airline to carry revenue traffic between foreign countries as a part of services connecting the airline's own country. An example of a fifth freedom traffic right is an Emirates flight in from Dubai to Brisbane, Australia and onward to Auckland , New Zealand, where tickets can be sold on any sector. Fifth freedom traffic rights are intended to enhance the economic viability of an airline's long haul routes, but tend to be viewed by local airlines and governments as potentially unfair competition. Note [19] : Fifth freedom traffic rights were instrumental to the economic viability of long-haul flight until the early s, when advances in technology and increased passenger volume enabled the operation of more non-stop flights.

Between the latter two destinations, in , service was provided by at least four airlines whose home base was not in either Hong Kong or Bangkok. In the late s, half of the seats available between the two cities were offered by airlines holding fifth freedom traffic rights. Fifth freedom traffic rights are sought by airlines wishing to take up unserved or underserved routes, or by airlines whose flights already make technical stops at a location as allowed by the second freedom.

The Nine Freedoms

Thailand may sometimes encourage fifth freedom traffic as a way of promoting tourism , by increasing the number of seats available. In turn, though, there may be reactionary pressure to avoid liberalizing traffic rights too much in order to protect a flag carrier 's commercial interests. The Japan-United States bilateral air transport agreement of has been viewed as being particularly contentious because unlimited fifth freedom traffic rights have been granted to designated US air carriers serving destinations in the Asia Pacific region west of Japan.

For example, in the early s, the Japanese government's refusal to permit flights on the New York City—Osaka—Sydney route led to protests by the US government and the airlines that applied to serve that route. Japan had held many unused fifth freedom traffic rights beyond the USA. However, these were seen as being less valuable than the fifth freedom traffic rights enjoyed by US air carriers via Japan, because of the higher operating costs of Japanese airlines and also geographical circumstances.

Japan serves as a useful gateway to Asia for North American travelers. The US contended that Japan's favourable geographical location and its flag airlines' carriage of a sizeable volume of sixth freedom traffic via gateway cities in Japan helped to level the playing field.

In , the air transport agreement was updated by way of liberalizing Japanese carriers' access to US destinations, while placing selected restrictions on US air carriers. This service continued well into the Boeing era. Currently, Air India's North American flights are nonstop Boeing service to India, with one exception, that being a revival of fifth freedom flights operating Boeing service on the Newark—Heathrow—Ahmedabad route.

The Study of "The Nine Freedoms". Class 2: Love

The fifth freedom has been discussed in in connection with the Saint Helena Airport. Flights by a South African airline serving it have to refuel at Windhoek Airport ; but they are not allowed to board more passengers coming from connecting flights, which means that passengers from Cape Town must do a detour over Johannesburg with fairly little connecting time, with risk of missing the once-weekly flight.


The unofficial sixth freedom combines the third and fourth freedoms and is the right to carry passengers or cargo from a second country to a third country by stopping in one's own country. This characterization is often invoked as protectionist policy as the traffic, like fifth freedom traffic, is secondary in nature to third and fourth freedom traffic.

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  4. Sixth-freedom traffic has historically been widespread in Asia, where Southeast Asian carriers such as Thai Airways and Singapore Airlines carried traffic on the Kangaroo Route between Europe and Australia, and Japanese carriers carried traffic between Southeast Asia and the Americas.

    More recently, carriers in the Persian Gulf region have developed intercontinental sixth-freedom hubs, and Copa Airlines has developed a sixth-freedom hub in Panama to connect many cities in North and South America. While sixth freedom operations are rarely legally-restricted, they may be controversial: for example, Qantas has complained that Emirates , Singapore Airlines and other sixth-freedom carriers have unfair advantages in the market between Europe and Australia.

    Because the nature of air services agreements is essentially a mercantilist negotiation that strives for an equitable exchange of traffic rights, the outcome of a bilateral agreement may not be fully reciprocal but rather a reflection of the relative size and geographic position of two markets, especially in the case of a large country negotiating with a much smaller one.

    The unofficial seventh freedom is a variation of the fifth freedom. It is the right to carry passengers or cargo between two foreign countries without any continuing service to one's own country. On 2 October , the United Kingdom and Singapore signed an agreement that allowed unlimited seventh freedom rights from 30 March , along with a full exchange of other freedoms of the air. Cabotage is the transport of goods or passengers between two points in the same country by a vessel or an aircraft registered in another country. Originally a shipping term, cabotage now covers aviation , railways and road transport.